In connection with the emergence and expansion of the epizootic of African swine fever (ASF) in the European part of Russia, one of the most effective measures to combat the latter was holding a light hand veterinarians so-called “depopulation” of wild boar, that is a sharp reduction in the number of this species in the grounds everywhere.
Wild boar – one of the main objects of hunting, and in some regions, and the most popular. From the very beginning of the struggle with many of ASF concerned about it, we began to speak of a possible total destruction of these animals. In print and on the Internet raised the alarm on the reduction of the diversity of hunting facilities.
And some of the “experts” began to offer options for the replacement of the wild boar as hunting species, other species in particular – the white-tailed deer. Unfortunately, in the conduct of the hunting economy there were supporters of the idea of the introduction (importation) of this species in hunting economy of the Russian Federation.
Such a proposal is contrary to the International Convention on Biological raznoobrazifi (05.06.1992, at Rio de Janeiro), ratified by the Russian Federation (Federal Law
from 17.02.1995, № 16-FZ).
A preliminary analysis of the biological features of the aforementioned species has shown the following:
From an environmental point of view, the wild boar is very flexible, has a high fertility, with regard to power – is omnivorous, economically beneficial, in lands occupy its ecological niche, which practically can not take any other view, unless – in part, in some cases – a bear.
White-tailed deer – a representative of the American fauna, nutrition phytophage – eats shoots woody and herbaceous vegetation, fruit.
The grounds of the European part of the Russian Federation for many years home to five species of deer elk, three subspecies of red deer (European deer, red deer, red deer), sika deer, Siberian and European roe deer, which are the type of power similar to the white-tailed deer. Given that the quality of our land in the vast majority of low and estimated 4th quality class (remember that the 1st class – the highest), and ecological niches is almost full, the introduction of a new type of competitor will lead to the exacerbation of inter-species relationships, and disappearance in end of one or two indigenous species (most likely, deer). Introduction of new species of animals entails not only a change in the relationship between the species, but also drift into new habitats and the transmission of micro-organisms and parasites of other species.